Head lice have been around for millions of years with evidence being found on Egyptian mummies! Contracting lice is no indication of cleanliness or even the lack thereof. They are spread via head-to-head and hand-to-hand contact, as well as sharing things like hats, brushes, hair accessories etc. Lice cannot survive more than 24 to 48 hours off the head, however, head lice that are still alive off the human head are capable of infesting a new human host while they are still alive.
Lice eggs (often called nits). These look like tiny yellow, tan, or brown dots before they hatch. After hatching, the remaining shell looks white or clear. Nits stick to the hair shaft and can be removed only with a fine toothed louse comb, or using your fingernails.
Lice and nymphs (baby lice). The adult louse is no bigger than a sesame seed and is grayish-white or tan. Nymphs are smaller and generally stick to the scalp.
No! Head lice do not jump, fly or swim. They are good crawlers, however, and will readily move from one person to another when there is contact between two heads.
There is no reliable data to suggest that head lice carry or transmit disease organisms.
No. Head lice cannot live on pets. Head lice can only live on human heads.
Avoid head to head contact during play, sleepovers, or other activities at home, school, and elsewhere. Do not share combs, brushes or towels used by an infested person. Do not share clothing such as hats, scarves, coats, hair ribbons or towels. Machine wash and dry clothing, bed linens, and other items that an infested person has used or worn during the previous 2 days using a hot water laundry cycle and high heat drying cycle. Do not use fumigant sprays or fogs; they are not necessary to control head lice and can be toxic if inhaled or absorbed through the skin. We suggest using a daily preventative product on your children’s hair, but ensure that the products are organic. For girls with long hair, plait it, or tie it up in a bun.
It is very common for close family or friends of infested individuals to also have lice – we have found that around 70% of the mothers are also infested. It is suggested that you check everyone in the household. You do not want to treat anyone who does not have head lice; however, we suggest you recheck everyone (in a household where a louse infestation has been confirmed) every few days for at least 10-15 days after an outbreak.
It is extremely important to treat your surroundings on the day that you administer a lice treatment. Vacuum the carpets, rugs, couches and beds. Wash bedding, towels and clothing in very hot water (60-90 degrees); place pillows, duvet inner, cushions and soft toys in a dryer at highest heat setting for 20 to 30 minutes. Boil elastic bands, hair brushes and other hair accessories for 10 to 20 minutes, or to avoid damaging them, place the in a plastic bag in the freezer overnight. Hats, helemts etc. that cannot be washed can simply be placed in a sealed bag and for a minimum of 48 hours. We recommend that you do not use pesticide sprays in your home; they will unnecessarily expose your household to harmful chemicals.